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Tarkan (singer)

Tarkan
Tarkan in concert, 2011
Background information
Birth name Tarkan Tevetoğlu
Also known as Tarkan
Born (1972-10-17) 17 October 1972
Alzey, West Germany
Origin Turkish
Genres Pop, folk pop, adult contemporary, pop rock, dance-pop
Occupation(s) Singer-songwriter
record producer
performer
Years active 1991–present
Labels HITT Production
DMC
Associated acts Sezen Aksu, Ozan Çolakoğlu, Nazan Öncel, Wyclef Jean, Tiësto, Miri Ben-Ari
Website .com.tarkanwww

Tarkan Tevetoğlu (Turkish pronunciation: ) (born 17 October 1972), known as Tarkan, is a World Music Award-winning Turkish pop singer. He was born in West Germany and raised in Turkey. Tarkan has been known for the use of romantic themes in his work and has been nicknamed the "Prince of Pop" by the media.[1] He has released several platinum-selling albums during his career, with an estimated 29 million albums and singles sold.[2] He also produces music through his company HITT Music, which he established in February 1997. One of a few European singers who has managed to span chart success over three continents without singing in English, he is also noted for his live stage performances. Tarkan's effect on Turkey has been compared by the Washington Post to that of Elvis Presley in the US around 1957 and Atlantic Records co-founder Ahmet Ertegün described him as one of the best live performers he had ever seen.[3] He has also been listed by Rhapsody as a key artist in the history of European pop music, with his signature song "Şımarık" as a keystone track that moved the genre forward.[4]

Contents

  • Early life 1
  • Career 2
    • Beginnings 2.1
    • "Şıkıdım" era (1994–1996) 2.2
    • Universal kisses (1997–2000) 2.3
      • Military service 2.3.1
    • Karma (2001–2002) 2.4
    • Dudu (2003–2004) 2.5
    • Coming closer to Europe (2005–2006) 2.6
    • Metamorfoz (2007–2008) 2.7
    • Adımı Kalbine Yaz (2010–2011) 2.8
  • Popularity 3
    • Paparazzi terror 3.1
      • PETA controversy 3.1.1
  • Personal life 4
  • Awards 5
  • Discography 6
    • Albums 6.1
    • Singles 6.2
    • Domestic Promo Singles 6.3
  • Dubbing 7
  • See also 8
  • Further reading 9
  • References 10
  • Notes 11
  • External links 12

Early life

Tarkan was born in Alzey, West Germany, to Ali and Neşe Tevetoğlu. The name Tarkan is said to originate from an ancient Turki king or title,[5] meaning bold and strong.[6] In 2009 it was discovered that Tarkan was in fact his middle name and his first name was Hüsamettin, which means "sword of faith".[7]

His parents were part of the generation of Turkish immigrants who came to West Germany during that country's economic boom. His father's parents have a decorated military past as war heroes who fought in the Ottoman armies in the Russo-Turkish Wars.[8] In 2003, Tarkan covered a song by Turkish minstrel Aşık Veysel Şatıroğlu as a nod to his roots. In the early stages of his career he was seen sporting a necklace with the crescent and star, the symbol of the Turkish flag, making it a fashion accessory amongst the Turkish youth – as the entertainer Madonna had done globally with the crucifix.[9]

Tarkan has three step-siblings named Adnan, Gülay and Nuray from his mother's first marriage, and a brother, Hakan, and younger sister, Handan from her marriage to his father.[10] Although Tarkan was raised in Alzey until the age of 13, his father Ali suddenly decided to move the family back to Turkey in 1986. His father died of a heart attack in 1995 at the age of 49 and was buried in his home village of Rüzgarlı Köy,[11] in the Turkish district of Ikizdere in the Rize Province of the Turkish Black Sea region. His mother later married an architect, Seyhun Kahraman.[12] Tarkan keeps close ties with his family in Turkey and Germany. Other than his native Turkish, he speaks English fluently. Although he still understands German, he speaks little, primarily because he has been living in the U.S. and Turkey for the last 20 years.[13]

Career

Tarkan in Skopje, 2007
Tarkan in Istanbul, 2010

Tarkan has charted both in Europe and in the Americas with his definitive song "Şımarık" (Spoilt/Kiss Kiss/Chanson Du Bisou/Besos). As a result of its widespread success and immediately recognizable sound of Tarkan kissing on the track, "Şımarık" was performed in English as "Kiss Kiss" by Stella Soleil and later by Holly Valance, which became a UK number one hit, after the composer Sezen Aksu sold the music rights. It has been covered by various artists in various countriues and languages. Another successful Aksu collaboration was the hit single "Şıkıdım" (Shake).[14] His entry into the European musical consciousness started a Turkish pop boom in Germany and Turkey in the 1990s, with his European successes signalling that the musical borders between Turkey and Europe, more specifically Germany, were dissolving.[15] Because of his success, he became the prime example of a Turkish pop performer with an audience outside Turkey.[15] Over the years his works have maintained their popularity, with Tarkan's 2007 studio album Metamorfoz selling over a quarter of a million copies in the first two weeks following its release on 25 December 2007.[16]

Beginnings

When the Tevetoğlu family relocated to Turkey, Tarkan began to study music in high school in Karamürsel, before being accepted at the Üsküdar Musiki Cemiyeti Academy in Istanbul.[17] After his family moved to Istanbul in 1988, he began to prepare for University entrance exams in 1990, but had a difficult time in Istanbul with little money. He worked at low-paying jobs, including a stint as a wedding singer.[11] Music legend has it that just as he was preparing to return to Germany, he met Mehmet Söğütoğlu, chairman of the record company İstanbul Plak. Produced by Söğütoğlu, his debut album Yine Sensiz (Without You Again) sold 750 thousand copies after its release in December 1992.[14] For the album he had teamed up with then little known songwriter-composer Ozan Çolakoğlu, who later co-produced his albums. Tarkan's debut provoked mixed feelings among Turks, but young people in Turkish cities who were satisfying their hunger with new sounds from Westerns acts such as Michael Jackson and U2 were looking for their own home-grown idol. Being considered rebellious by traditionalists for his lyrics and his style of dress, particularly his earrings, only made him more attractive to the young. Although his debut album was not extraordinary when compared to other pop albums of the period, what distinguished Tarkan from the earliest days of his musical career was this unique style and image.[18] Wrote one critic: "It happened maybe for the first time in the world of [Turkish] music, that "slang" words were used in songs and the brave young man began to draw attention as much with his songs as with his green eyes."[10]

"Şıkıdım" era (1994–1996)

The success of Tarkan in the early 90s was seen by some as a sign of growing admiration for Western music, and the artist's real success came two years later. Collaborating with Turkey's "little sparrow", prominent producer and songwriter Sezen Aksu,[19] Tarkan's highly anticipated second album Acayipsin (Oh – You're Something Else) sold more than two million copies in Turkey and another 750 thousand copies in Europe.[14] Such high European sales were a first-time accomplishment for a Turkish performer. Aksu wrote two songs for the album, the radio-friendly "Hepsi Senin Mi?", which was later relicensed as "Şıkıdım" (Shake) for the European market, and a pop-rock number "Şeytan Azapta". "Hepsi Senin Mi?" incorporated shaky Turkish rhythms and lyrics of pure slang, and in the video to the song Tarkan slanted his body to the rhythmic melody of the song while displaying a naked chest. This was considered to be bold and daring in the still conservative Turkish music industry.[11] Building on his taboo-breaking and rebellious image, the video to "Şeytan Azapta" incorporated scenes from the tour that followed, where dancers would strip Tarkan naked on stage. This erotic persona was enhanced when the artist posed naked and semi-naked for the most popular Turkish magazines of the period,[20] and he became the first male to make the front cover of the domestic edition of the Cosmopolitan (Cosmo).[11]

In 1994, he experienced a dip in his celebrity status after he made a gaffe during an interview on a live broadcast marking the anniversary of the private Turkish TV channel ATV. When asked how he was on live television, his response was "Çişim var, ağabey." ("I've gotta pee, man.") He was publicly criticised for the comment and only after performing traditional songs on another TV special did he endear himself again to the nation.[3]

In part to remove himself from media scrutiny, Tarkan moved to New York in 1994 to learn English and complete his education at Baruch College.[21] During this period he filmed a video to another song from his second album, "Dön Bebeğim", in New York. Again Tarkan stripped for this project, but this time he was sharing a bed with a female American model for the slow love song. The opening scenes of the video show the two naked, apparently in the aftermath of a love scene. Unused sex scenes from the video are still aired on celebrity entertainment programmes from time to time in Turkey.[22] While in America, he met the Turkish founder of Atlantic Records, Ahmet Ertegün, who had seen him perform in Istanbul at the ATV anniversary concert.[11] Tarkan has described Ertegün as his mentor in music and business.[23] Ertegün, who died in December 2006, had long been preparing Tarkan for an American career,[3] but Tarkan restarted his English debut album several times.[24]

Universal kisses (1997–2000)

In July 1997, the hit song "Şımarık" kickstarted promotions in Turkey for his third studio album Ölürüm Sana (I'd Die For You). This album took three years to complete. Tarkan collaborated once more with Aksu and music engineer Çolakoğlu for the album, which became his highest grossing album and won him his first music industry award for his song "Şımarık". In Turkey alone, Ölürüm Sana sold 4.5 million copies.[14]

Signed by the French branch of recording label PolyGram (now Universal Music) after the single "Şımarık" was released in Europe in 1999, Tarkan reached number three in places like Switzerland,[25] the Netherlands,[26] France, and Germany. The song also reached number one in Belgium. He was awarded a gold disc at the Cannes Midem Awards. As the first artist of Turkish origin to sell 500,000 albums in France, in an interview for CNN he said: "It feels wild, you know, because in the beginning I never thought it was going to really happen. It's all in Turkish, you know, and nobody understands a word. But I think it's a groove. It's the kisses that are universal."[23]

Following the success of the single, Tarkan released a compilation album for Europe entitled Tarkan. He won a World Music Award in Monaco for its rapid sales. He released two more singles in Europe under the Universal label: "Şıkıdım" and "Bu Gece" ("Tonight").[14]

Tarkan travelled throughout Europe and Latin America to promote his music. Appearing in Ukraine, Morocco, Tunisia and Russia, he gave a total of eighteen concerts in seventeen European cities. In Latin America the album provided Tarkan with a strong fan base, especially in Mexico and Argentina, where Universal Music funded a promotional tour at the end of 1999.[27] This visit had to be postponed until the second week of March 2000, because Tarkan was called up for military service, which he had suspended to allow for studies in New York. In 2000, the self-titled album was released in the U.S. with a Universal Latino label. Sales went platinum in Latin America.[28]

A copyright dispute erupted between Tarkan and Aksu over the track "Şımarık", which ultimately blocked the singer's chance to release an English-language version of the song. The music was initially credited as composed by Aksu, Tarkan and Çolakoğlu, but Tarkan later admitted in a 2006 interview that this had been done without Aksu's consent, and that Aksu was the true copyright owner. This dispute ended their successful musical partnership and friendship.[29] During the dispute, Sezen Aksu released the publishing rights to other artists, including Holly Valance.

Military service

At the height of his fame in 1999, Tarkan was called up for military service, which had been legally deferred since 1995. The deadline for beginning his service had passed in 1998, but due to contractual obligations abroad after the success of his compilation album he did not return to Turkey to do his military service. The media discussed whether Tarkan should be viewed as a deserter and stripped of his citizenship. Even the Turkish parliament discussed the issue.[30][31] After the August 1999 earthquake shook Turkey, legislation was enacted that allowed those covered by the law to pay $16,000 for the benefit of the earthquake victims in return for shortening their military service obligation to 28 days.[3] Tarkan returned to Turkey in 2000, took advantage of this law, and completed his service. Before entering the army, he gave a return concert in Istanbul as a benefit for an earthquake victims' fund.[11] Of his shortened time in military training, he said: "It was January and snowing like crazy. It was tough; the food was terrible. Eighteen months of my life for nothing? I thought my own dreams were more important."[3]

Karma (2001–2002)

In January 2001, Tarkan became the first Woodstock Festival, who became his international manager. According to Lang: "Tarkan is a great singer and his performance is great. His current success is only the beginning in my opinion. He'll be a star in five-year's time and he will not fade away. Know this, he is here to stay. He has an indescribable charisma."[34]

In 2001 researcher Dr. N Aysun Yüksel published a book titled Tarkan – Yıldız Olgusu (Tarkan – Anatomy of a Star), which was withdrawn from bookshelves by a court order after Tarkan's lawyer Süheyl Atay sued the writer. According to the court's decision the book published personal information and copyrighted photos of the artist, and violated his good reputation.[35] When the video directed by Ferzan Özpetek for the single "Hüp" was released, the Turkish Radio and Television Supreme Council considered banning it from television broadcast, as some viewers complained that the scene in which Tarkan kisses actress Sinemis Candemir was too "explicit" and "pornographic". The case was reported through Europe by the BBC.[31] There was no ban, and fans voted it the video of the year in 2001 at Kral music station's video awards.

After becoming the face of Pepsi in Turkey, Tarkan also became the official mascot of the Turkish national football team for the 2002 World Cup. He recorded the football song "Bir Oluruz Yolunda" ("United For You"), which became an anthem for the fans.[14]

Dudu (2003–2004)

His EP/hybrid album Dudu (Woman) was the first to be released by his own label HITT Music, in the summer of 2003. It was the first album of its kind to sell over a million copies in Turkey, while the title track won Tarkan a "Song of the Year Award" in Russia.[36] Because his successful creative partnership with Aksu had ended, he worked with singer-songwriter Nazan Öncel on both Karma and Dudu. Öncel's own Yan Yana Fotoğraf Çektirelim album was published under the HITT label. He also released his own perfume line entitled "Tarkan" at the start of 2004.

Although musically a continuation from Karma, in terms of image Dudu presented different visuals from the 2001–2003 period. Sexuality became secondary in terms of fashion and concerts were toned down to become intimate affairs.[37] The new image portrayed a more laid back Tarkan sporting shorter hair and wearing less glamorous designs. It was a declaration that glitz and sex were no longer a necessary tool to sell his works. Indicating his desire to show different sides of his personality, he said of his new look: "It's not important how sexy I look or whether I dance sexy".[38]

Coming closer to Europe (2005–2006)

Tarkan in Vienna, 2006

In 2005, Tarkan announced that his English language album was finally ready after over a decade of effort. The plans for Come Closer began in 1995, when media mogul Ahmet Ertegün encouraged Tarkan to break into the international market.[3] He had managed to break through with "Şımarık" and without the aid of an English-language album, but his manager, Ahmet San, entered Tarkan into contractual obligations that hindered further success in Europe. In the framework of a larger agreement with Ertegün's Atlantic Records, Tarkan had tied his rights as a performing artist to a French publishing company, Jonathan Productions, in which San owned shares. The contract specified that Tarkan could not release his own works without the company's permission. Once "Şımarık" hit the international stage, Tarkan was virtually blocked from releasing anything, as Charles Ibgui, the director of Jonathan Productions, stated in a letter sent to the artist's then domestic label İstanbul Plak: "neither Tarkan nor his producer Mehmet Söğütoğlu can without our permission release any album in any language anywhere in the world".[24] This ended the working relationship between Tarkan and San. Tarkan said that San had "destroyed his American dream" and the English album "had been scrapped".[39] Tarkan's disagreements with Ertegün concerning the concept of a proposed English-language album has also caused delays. Ertegün preferred something more American in style, while Tarkan insisted on including many Turkish elements.[24]

On 10 October 2005, Tarkan released his debut English-language single "Bounce" in Turkey. Come Closer was released in parts of Europe on 7 April 2006 by Universal Music. The album featured such songwriters as Lester Mendez, who co-wrote Shakira's "Underneath Your Clothes"; Brian Kierulf, who produced songs for Britney Spears;[40] and singer Wyclef Jean, with who Tarkan recorded the song "Aman Aman". "Bounce" was released in Germany a few days after the release of the album. The German version of the single included an oriental remix, as well as a hip-hop version featuring American reggaeton singer Adassa. A second single, "Start the Fire", was released in August; it included a remix by Turkish DJ Mousse T. A music video for the Mousse T. version was also produced prior to the single's release.

The album was a limited success. It was released only in a few European countries and Turkey, and Tarkan appeared on several television shows to promote the album in Germany, Macedonia, Bulgaria, Romania and Russia. The promised world tour included only a few Central and Eastern European countries, Azerbaijan, Russia, Austria and Germany.[41] Worldwide release was postponed and domestic sales did not approach the success of his previous albums, with only 110,000 copies sold in Turkey.[42]

A Turkish music pirate, well before the official release, leaked four stolen demo recordings from the debut English album onto the internet.[43] Thousands of copies were downloaded illegally before the album's official release. The leaked songs garnered considerable airplay in dance clubs in Turkey before Tarkan's management took legal action against DJ's playing them.[44]

Metamorfoz (2007–2008)

Tarkan released another Turkish-language album on 25 December 2007, which was composed almost solely of his own work. Called Metamorfoz ("metamorphosis" in English), seven of the songs were written by Tarkan, three other songs were collaborations with long-time engineer and producer Çolakoğlu.[45] The album sold over 300,000 copies in the first two weeks of its release.[16] Tarkan also became the most downloaded artist at TTNetMüzik, a digital music provider where his songs were made legally available in a digital format at the start of January 2008. Out of nearly two million tracks that were purchased after six weeks, nearly 100,000 of those acquired were Tarkan songs, making him the highest grossing single artist at the music portal.[46]

Unlike the public reception, the critical response to Metamorfoz was lukewarm. Most music critics found the album musically lacking in comparison with Tarkan's earlier albums.[47] Ecevit Kılıç, columnist for Sabah newspaper, hailed Tarkan on his return and called him the "Orhan Pamuk of music", saying that Tarkan, just like Nobel award recipient Pamuk, always does everything his own way, despite all the attacks he has received from the press.[48] Tarkan received congratulations from the chairman of the Turkish Language Association for his lyrics by using correct language, traditional idioms and sayings in his lyrics, showing in the association's view a good example to Turkish youth in preserving the culture of the Turkish language.[49] Besides the sales success, Tarkan also produced the third highest viewer rating with his New Year's Eve performance on TRT television channel,[50] which generated a total of one million YTL income for the station.[51]

The album was released in Germany on 1 February 2008 by Urban.[52]

Adımı Kalbine Yaz (2010–2011)

Tarkan released his eighth album, Adımı Kalbine Yaz, on 29 July 2010. The album received highly positive reaction from critics and also his fans all around the world. It sold more than 300,000 copies in the first week after its release and the singles of the album topped the music charts in Turkey.

Popularity

Tarkan with fans

Tarkan is one of the most popular singers in [54] In 2006 he also performed in Eastern Thrace, in front of an audience of 50,000.[55]

His popular image has been courted by several companies; he became the face first for Pepsi, then for two Turkish telephone companies, Turkcell and Avea.[56] His 2003 tour was sponsored by Opet and he shot three television advertisements for them. He became the first Turkish singer to require personal security guards. His bodyguard is Levent Ağaoğlu, the founder of Legend Security.[57] Ağaoğlu's company is also responsible for the security of Tarkan's house in Istanbul and the office of his production company HITT. His bodyguards escort him during his personal travels as well.[58]

According to Ahmet Ertegün: "He's a great dancer, he moves beautifully, and he has the magic that all big hit artists share, which is the ability to get an emotion across through a recording."[3]

In recent years, Tarkan has gained international recognition. He is popular in Eastern European countries like Romania and Bulgaria, and in Russia, where he has performed extensively.[59] In 2006 He gave his first Middle Eastern concert in Dubai in front of 9,000 people.[60][61] He is also known in Israel, Cyprus, Greece, Macedonia, Lebanon the UK and the US, mainly among the Turkish diaspora. His popularity in the United Kingdom, although Tarkan has never charted there, is also evident from the success of his Wembley Arena concert, given in London on 13 April 2008, where he was interviewed by BBC radio prior to the event.[62]

While his song "Şımarık" has been sampled by various artists in these countries, the film industry in India has also used several Tarkan hits, including "Şıkıdım", "Kuzu Kuzu" and "Dudu", for various Hürriyet newspaper.[65] Tarkan also has many fans in Iran. In conjunction with the release of Metamorfoz, Tarkan became the first Turksh artist to have a mp3 player named after him. The German manufacturer of storage products and audio devices TrekStor joined up with Tarkan for their mp3 player series i.Beat. Packed with special features, the digital player was titled the i.Beat Emo Tarkan edition.[66]

Paparazzi terror

On 29 December 2007, Turkish paparazzi terrorised him when he was leaving the studio of TRT, the national television channel, where he was recording his New Year's Eve concert. Upon leaving the building a group of 10–15 paparazzi, angered by Tarkan's refusal to answer their questions, started to smack and kick his car, shouting offensive words, and blocked his way with their vehicles. When the car managed to take the road, they followed him to his home, where other media personnel were waiting for him to arrive. The paparazzi blocked the entrance to his house, and he was forced to flee to a hotel and spend the night there. There he spoke with an interviewer from Taraf explaining the events in order to direct attention to the dangerous behaviour of the Turkish yellow press.[67] Tarkan has had similar dangerous clashes with the paparazzi before: in May 2007 he was forced into a street pursuit on the road to Mount Olympos near Antalya. That time his angry comments about journalists' behaviour were printed in almost all newspapers.[68]

PETA controversy

In February 2008, the PETA (People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals) began a campaign to persuade Tarkan to swear off fur after he wore a coat with a fur-lined collar on the cover of his 2005 album, Come Closer. PETA encouraged its members to send personal email messages to Tarkan and his management.[69] Tarkan is known for his humanitarian efforts on behalf of stray animals and announced that he regretted wearing the fur-lined coat and would join an animal rights' movement.[70]

Personal life

Tarkan does not like to talk about his personal life, which has partly fueled the "is he-is he not gay" discussion, and the subject of his relationships often fills the front pages of Turkish newspapers and magazines. In 2001, when Tarkan was moving houses in New York, a worker stole what the domestic media tried to portray as compromising photos that suggested he was homosexual. They were photos with other men in swimwear at a public nude beach.[71]

In an interview with Hürriyet, Tarkan contested the widespread assumption that he was gay.[72] He said: "Men [spread these rumours about my homosexuality]! Definitely. It's because I destroy [the image] they try to show off as manhood!"[72] Tarkan later gave fewer and fewer interviews and television appearances, limiting himself to a small number of trusted journalists. In 2006, he said that his relationship with the media had gone wrong.

In a rare interview in 2006 he said:[73]

There's a trust crisis between me and the media. I'm fed up with being forced into arguments, that all my words are twisted around. I don't want to do it any more. It's no fun any longer. They are aiming right for my head ... When I go to America, I'm so jealous of their talk shows. There are no such things in Turkey. Who shall I talk to in Turkey, in which talk show? Plus, they would film me in ridiculous places and I would end up being shown as someone I'm not. And in the end, the topic will always come back to the same question: 'Are you gay? Are you bisexual?'

He was in a relationship with female lawyer Bilge Öztürk for seven years until they amicably parted in 2008.[74] He has several times told media outlets that he regards the institution of marriage as outdated, stating he would only get married for the benefit of any children he might have.[75] Tarkan owns a ranch-like property in Polonezköy, Istanbul, where he cultivates fruit trees and keeps animals.[76] Tarkan also owns a flat in Murray Hill, New York City, worth approximately 5 million dollars, according to the Turkish press.[77] The flat was sold on 29 June 2010 for $1,475,000.

In February 2010 during a drug raid police officials found narcotics in Tarkan's house. In September 2011 he admitted in court that he had been using drugs, but testified that he never purchased them.[78]

Awards

List of awards Tarkan has won during his career:[79]

International

Domestic

  • 1998 Kral TV Müzik Ödülleri
    • Yılın Şarkısı (Song of the Year):[82] Şımarık
  • 2001 MGD Altin Objektif Ödülleri[83]
    • Yılın En İyi Pop Müzik Sanatçısı (Best pop singer of the year)
  • 2001 Kral TV Müzik Ödülleri
    • Yılın Erkek Pop Sanatçısı (Male Pop Singer of the Year)[84]
    • Yılın Şarkısı (Song of the Year):[85] Kuzu Kuzu
    • Yılın Videosu (Video of the Year): Hüp
  • 2002 MGD Altin Objektif Ödülleri[86]
    • En İyi Erkek Yorumcu (Best male singer)
    • Yılın Albümü (Album of the year): Karma
  • 2003 Kral TV Müzik Ödülleri[87]
    • En iyi pop erkek (Best male pop singer)
  • 2011 Kral TV Müzik Ödülleri[88]

Discography

Albums

Singles

Domestic Promo Singles

Dubbing

See also

Further reading

  • "Tarkan DeLuxe". Tarkan DeLuxe. Retrieved 17 April 2004. 
  • "Making Moves, A Tarkan Documentary". Tarkan DeLuxe & MKP 2005. Retrieved 31 May 2005. 
  • "Albums and Lyrics in English". Tarkan Translations. Retrieved 28 June 2004. 
  • "Tarkan Visual". A Photoblog. Retrieved 28 June 2004. 

References

  • "Tarkan finds his moves take him across borders".  
  • Segal, David (18 November 2001). "Pop Music's Young Turk".  
  • "The Passion of Tarkan". Yildirim, Ali Tarkan DeLuxe 2004. Retrieved 6 July 2004. 
  • "Turk Prince of Pop". Chacko, Jessica Hillsdale Collegian. Retrieved 11 November 2004. 
  • "Completely Detached". Lehmann, Lennert Qantara.de 2005 (Translation from German: John Bergeron). Retrieved 21 April 2005. 
  • "Tarkan's Long Hello". Yildirim, Ali Tarkan DeLuxe 2005. Retrieved 31 May 2005. 
  • "Making Moves, A Tarkan Documentary". Tarkan DeLuxe & MKP 2005. Retrieved 31 May 2005. 
  • "Tarkan Filmography". IMDb. Retrieved 21 June 2006. 

Notes

  1. ^ "Turk Prince of Pop". 
  2. ^ "News Bulletin". Manga.fan. Retrieved November 21, 2009. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h Segal, David (18 November 2001). "Pop Music's Young Turk".  
  4. ^ "Key Artists in Euro Pop".  
  5. ^ "Theories of Relativity". Tarkan DeLuxe. Retrieved 29 December 2005. 
  6. ^ "Set My Sights on a Grammy".  
  7. ^ "Tarkan News Coverage in Brief". Osmanli, Adelind Tarkan Deluxe. Retrieved 29 September 2009. 
  8. ^ "Tarkan'ın dedesi teşkilatçıydı". Sabah. 15 July 2007. 
  9. ^ "Tarkan's Official Biography". Tarkan.com. Archived from the original on 25 June 2007. Retrieved 19 February 2007. 
  10. ^ a b )The kid that became a starStar olan çocuk ( – Milliyet
  11. ^ a b c d e f "Making Moves, A Tarkan Documentary". Tarkan DeLuxe & MKP 2005. Retrieved 31 May 2005. 
  12. ^ Annesini evlendirdi (He got his mother married) – Hürriyet
  13. ^ Interview with Tarkan on German TV
  14. ^ a b c d e f "Albums and Lyrics in English". Tarkan Translations. Retrieved 28 June 2004. 
  15. ^ a b "The German Turkish Pop Scene". Bax, Daniel Qantara. Retrieved 22 February 2008. 
  16. ^ a b Hürriyet reports
  17. ^ Alumni list of the Üsküdar Musiki Cemiyeti
  18. ^ Lehmann, Lennert. Completely Detached – Quantara.de
  19. ^ Biography The name minik serçe, that is "little sparrow", was given to Sezen Aksu by journalist Yavuz Gökmen]. Aksu has a song with the same title. The nickname is a distant reference to the French icon Edith Piaf, who was called "the little sparrow" in her day.
  20. ^ a b "A Chronicle of Tarkan's Image". Hürriyet. Retrieved 27 December 2007. 
  21. ^ Tarkan: From the stage to the barracks – Turkish Daily News
  22. ^ Tarkan's Sexy Scenes Resurface Again – Tarkan Deluxe
  23. ^ a b "Tarkan finds his moves take him across borders".  
  24. ^ a b c "Tarkan's Long Hello". Yildirim, Ali Tarkan DeLuxe 2005. Retrieved 31 May 2005. 
  25. ^ "The Official Swiss Charts". Swisscharts.com. 25 April 1999. 
  26. ^ "NL Top 40". Top 40 web. 5 June 1999. 
  27. ^ "Tarkan Biography". Turkish Music. Retrieved 25 May 2000. 
  28. ^ Reader Requests, TarkanDeluxe
  29. ^ "Tarkan Confesses". Tempo Magazine. Retrieved 5 March 2006. 
  30. ^ Tarkan Fransa ve Belçika'da pop listelerinde hizla yükseliyor – Milliyet
  31. ^ a b Turkish star's trouble over 'explicit' video – BBC
  32. ^ Tez, Mehmet. Tarkan: Turkey's Last Greatest Star – Sabah. Translation by Ali Yıldırım.
  33. ^ )Tarkan's hairdo is being copiedTarkanın Saçı Taklit Ediliyor (
  34. ^ Sarıbaş, Şermin. Michael Lang: His Hair Remains The Same, So Does His Energy – Hürriyet. Translation by Ali Yıldırım
  35. ^ Tarkan hakkındaki kitap toplatıldı (The book about Tarkan is withdrawn) – Hürriyet
  36. ^ a b "Award for Dudu from Russia". Aksam Magazine. Archived from the original on 8 November 2004. Retrieved 6 June 2004. 
  37. ^ Transparent Tarkan Aktüel Magazine
  38. ^ )Tarkan's image historyTarkan’ın imaj tarihçesi ( Hürriyet
  39. ^ Ahmet San Destroyed My American Dream – Hürriyet, translation by Ali Yildirim)
  40. ^ Britney Spears review – Rollingstone.com
  41. ^ Mayhey, Mark. On The Fringes Of Fame
  42. ^ MÜYAP: 2006 Foreign albums
  43. ^ "Turkish DJ Steals Tarkan's songs". Tarkan DeLuxe. Retrieved 3 August 2005. 
  44. ^ "Latest Developments in Tarkan's Camp".  
  45. ^ Tarkan.com album teaser site
  46. ^ Digital Downloads to Count as Sales – Tarkan Deluxe.
  47. ^ Tarkan Divides Turkish Press
  48. ^ Müzigin Orhan Pamuk'u (Music's Orhan Pamuk) – Sabah.
  49. ^ TDK Başkanı: Rahmetli Barış Manço gibi (TLA Chairman Says: He's Like Baris Manco)
  50. ^ Television ratings by Medyatava
  51. ^ Medyatava, Hürriyet reports
  52. ^ Universal Music newsletter
  53. ^ Tarkan's concert in the Inönü Stadium – Milliyet
  54. ^ Black Sea Sees Tarkan Storm – Tarkan DeLuxe
  55. ^ Tarkan Rocks Turkish Thrace
  56. ^ Tarkan's section at the Avea website
  57. ^ Legend Security
  58. ^ Tarkan'a gölge oldu (He became Tarkan's shadow) – Sabah
  59. ^ "Eastern Addictions". Tarkan DeLuxe. Retrieved 29 June 2006. 
  60. ^ "Tarkan in Dubai Dream". Tarkan DeLuxe. Retrieved 26 October 2006. 
  61. ^ Tarkan Dubai interview – NTV
  62. ^ "Tarkan in DJ Ritu's Guestroom". Tarkan DeLuxe. Retrieved 31 March 2008. 
  63. ^ "Pritam is a copy-cat Part 1". Movie Tonic. Retrieved 2 April 2007. 
  64. ^ "Pritam is a copy-cat Part 2". Movie Tonic. Retrieved 2 April 2007. 
  65. ^ Türk müzigin unutulmayan sarkilari – Hürriyet
  66. ^ Tarkan Ahead of the Game, Tarkan Deluxe
  67. ^ )Due to Media Terror Tarkan Had to Leave His Own HomeMagazin Terörü Tarkan'i Kendi Evinden Kacirdi ( – Taraf
  68. ^ Tarkan News Round-up
  69. ^ Take Action: Tell Turkish Prince of Pop Tarkan to Stop Wearing Fur
  70. ^ PETA Protest Update
  71. ^ )Tarkan trouble-maker under arrestTarkan'ın belalısı gözaltına alındı (
  72. ^ a b "Gentle as a Lamb/Arman, Ayşe.". Tarkan Translations/Hürriyet. Retrieved 20 September 2014. 
  73. ^ )This country will make me gay, no matter whatArman, Ayşe. Bu ülke beni ille de gay yapacak ( – Hürriyet
  74. ^ )Bilge finally talksBilge sonunda konuştu ( – Hürriyet
  75. ^ )I'm not gay, I don't believe in marriageGay değilim, evliliğe inanmam ( – Milliyet
  76. ^ )Özcan and Tarkan became neighboursÖzcan, Tarkan ile komşu oldu ( – Akşam Gazetesi
  77. ^ ) – Akşam GazetesiTarkan's flat in the US is worth 5 million dollars!Tarkan'ın ABD'deki evinin değeri 5 milyon dolar oldu! (
  78. ^ "Confession from Tarkan: I Used Drugs". Radikal/TarkanDeluxe. 15 September 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-16. 
  79. ^ Note: The awards section is incomplete due to the inconsistency of Turkish websites. Tarkan has won many more awards but not every of them can be found on the world wide web.
  80. ^ ŞımarıkVideo of Tarkan receiving the WMA and performing
  81. ^ A Golden Gift (Tarkan Deluxe)
  82. ^ Tarkan Promos (Tarkan Deluxe)
  83. ^ Tarkan'in gerçek rakibi (Tarkan's true rival)
  84. ^ Kral TV Awards: Best singer – video
  85. ^ Kral TV Awards: Best song – video
  86. ^ MGD Ödülleri Sahiplerini Buldu
  87. ^ Kral TV Müzik ödülleri 2003
  88. ^ Kral TV Müzik ödülleri 2011 (archived at Cite Web)
  89. ^ "Disney's Hercules". Tarkan Translations. Retrieved 20 September 2014. 
  90. ^ "Tarkan in Disney's Hercules". Tarkan Deluxe. Retrieved 20 September 2014. 
  91. ^ "Is It a Wrap for Tarkan?". Tarkan Deluxe. Retrieved 20 September 2014. 

External links

  • All Tarkan's songs translated into Spanish
  • Tarkan discography at MusicBrainz
  • Tarkan at AllMusic
  • Tarkan at the Internet Movie Database
  • Tarkan Official Website
  • Tarkan Official Worldwide Fansite
  • Tarkan Official Rus Fan-Club
    • Tarkan Tevetoğlu – Tarkan Lyric TR
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