World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Cachena cattle

Article Id: WHEBN0026488203
Reproduction Date:

Title: Cachena cattle  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Agriculture in Spain, Agriculture in Portugal, Beef
Collection: Agriculture in Spain, Cattle Breeds, Cattle Breeds Originating in Portugal, Portuguese Products with Protected Designation of Origin
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Cachena cattle

Cachena Cattle in Samos in the Province of Lugo in Galicia, Spain
Cachena cows near Samos Monastery

The Cachena Cattle is a triple purpose cattle breed from Portugal and bred also in Galicia, Spain. In Portugal, there are also a similar but larger cattle breed known by the name, Barrosão or Barrosã. Cachena and Barrosã are sometimes considered variants of the same race.

Contents

  • Ancestry and Description 1
  • Distribution 2
  • Use 3
  • Protection 4
  • External links 5

Ancestry and Description

The Cachena Cattle were bred from brown and yellow local cattle in Northern Portugal. They are light brown to yellow with dark brown nuances around the whithers. The mucosas are unpigmented except of the dark muzzle. The wide and long horns are lyra-shaped. The Cachena Cattle are one of the smallest cattle breeds of the world: The height must be equal or less than 110 cm (both in cows and bulls, with the last ones, being normally taller). Bulls weigh around 550 kg, cows 390 kg.

Distribution

The Cachena Cattle were originally bred in the Vila Real District, an agriculturally poor district in the extreme north of Portugal. Climate is hot and dry in summer, cold and humid in winter. The grounds are arduous and little fertile. The Cachena Cattle are distributed around the low mountain range regions of the communities in the Spanish natural park Baixa Limia-Serra do Xurés in the frontier region to Portugal. In addition they are spread in the region around the Ourensic village Olelas and in the Portuguese Peneda-Gerês National Park.

Use

Originally the Cachena Cattle were a triple-purpose cattle breed. Nowadays they are only used for beef production. The beef is known for its excellent quality. The Cachena cow produces a little amount of milk that is of markedly good taste because of the wild herbs of the range, quasi perfumed. It is refined to the cheese named "Brandas da Cachena". The beef is a Portuguese Protected Designation of Origin named "Carne Cachena da Peneda".
It is a very rustical breed, excellently adapted to its environment. The Cachena Cattle are kept in the nature. Their good sense of smell helps them to search for rare herbs in the bushland. The cows are very good mothers and treat their calves exemplarily. The small height may be an adaption to the hostile environment: a small cow needs less energy and survives starving periods.

Protection

There were only 100 Cachena Cattle exemplars. In Portugal a plan for maintenance of domesticated animals in danger of extinction was made. A Cachena Cattle herdbook was founded 1990.

External links

  • (gl) Raza cachena
  • (pt) [1]
  • (pt) Cachena
  • (pt) barrosã e cachena.
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.