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Bulletin of the World Health Organization : 1955; Volume 12, Numbe...

By: Louis Greenberg

Medical Reference Publication

Where a system of national risk-pooling is not available, community-based health insurance can provide effective protection against being ruined by unexpected health care costs. The Medical Insurance Fund of the Self Employed Women’s Association in Gujarat was able to reimburse 1712 out of 1927 claims over a six-year period, 47% of them in full, and 53% in part (at a mean reimbursement rate of 55.6%). Reimbursement more than halved the percentage of catastrophic hospital...

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World Health Organization : Year 1999 ; Communicable Diseases and ...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

INTRODUCAO Um dos elementos principais da iniciativa Fazer Recuar a Paludismo (FRP) 6 a intensificagiio da acgiio nacional gragas a parcerias a nivel dos paises dentro do context0 do desenvolvimento do sector da sa6de. 0s parceiros nacionais seriio encorajados a trabalhar em conjunto para atingir objectivos comuns, utilizando estratkgias e mktodos aceites. Em primeiro lugar, talvez seja necessirio um estudo sistemdtico das actividades de luta antipal6dica e correspondent...

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World Health Organization : Year 1994 ; World Health Organization,...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

Cette section fournit des modules sur un nombre de points qui ne peuvent pas Stre inclus facilement dans aucune des autres sections. 11s sont repartis entre des sujets adrninistratifs et des sujets scientifiques. LES PERSONNES PRENANT LES DECISIONS, LES SURVEILLANTS ET LES MEDECINS: Peuvent avoir besoin de connaitre tous les modules des Sujets A et B qui se rapportent a leur travail. Les autres modules peuvent Stre insires sous ces titres selon les besoins locaw, et peuv...

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World Health Organization : Year 1996 ; World Health Organization,...

By: L. K. Lowry, Dr.

Medical Reference Publication

2.1 Benzene 2.1.1 Introduction Benzene is one of the most extensively studied solvents, and several comprehensive reviews have been published on its toxic effects, carcinogenicity, metabolism, and kinetics (1-3). Biological monitoring of occupational exposure to benzene is well established (4-6). 2.1.2 Physical-chemical properties (2) The chemical abstract service (CAS) number of benzene is 71-43-2. At room temperature, benzene is a clear, colourless liquid. Benzene has ...

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World Health Organization : Year 1997 ; World Health Organization,...

By: I. R. Cooper

Medical Reference Publication

Introduction National regulations and policies Dental amalgam is a medical device within the meaning of Council Directive 93/42/EEC (the A questiom~e was sent to national authorities of Medical Devices Directive or MDD). As a direct the EEA countnes in the of 1995. l-he result of public discussion on the safety of dental ~ linformat~ion bas ~been suibject to a~ny ~ amalgam and for other reasons relating to the ,,itical review. environment çome Mernber States of the Europ...

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World Health Organization, Weekly Epidemiological Record, Year 197...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

In the United Republic of Camerwn two fatal cases were notified in the eastern part of the country: one in the Dipurtement of Djaet- lobo and the other in the Dt!ptement of Upper Nyong. In Ghm a non-fatal case was notified in the Brong-Ahafo region In Sierra Leone, in parts of Kailahun and Kenema Districts (Eastern Province), an outbreak of jungle yellow fever was first detected id January 1975. On the basis of an epidemiologiml investigation, the iirst cases may have oc...

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Bulletin of the World Health Organization : 2000, Number 10, 78 (1...

By: Cesar G. Victora

Medical Reference Publication

Increasing emphasis on the community-centred approach i n p u b l i c h e a l t h means t h a t t h i s subject is no longer the concern of a limited number of medical o f f i c e r s alone. A s a r e s u l t , there is a need for the widespread dissemination of information on trends and developments i n t h i s f i e l d . The Regional Office for Europe of the World Health Organization, i n the course of its a c t i v i t i e s , receives a l a r g e amount of informati...

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Bulletin of the World Health Organization : 1966; Volume 34, Numbe...

By: N. Masurel

Medical Reference Publication

Elindness and visual impairment are problems of major public health concern in many Member States. Despite the considerable achievements made over the last two decades in controlling trachoma, millions of people in the Eastern Mediterranean Region of WHO (EMR) still suffer from blindness and other causes of visual impairment. Although the magnitude of the problem and the epidemiological characteristics, particularly as regards the causes of blindness, vary from one count...

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World Health Organization : Year 2000 ; Communicable Diseases and ...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

Social Mobilization is traditionally perceived as a community-based or countrylevel action. The guiding principle of this series, though, is to recognize new scope for social m o b i l i z a t i o ~ i east both a global and local level. This new social mobilization takes advantage of constantly evolving communications tools and technologies, acknowledges the impact of globalization and recognizes a community as being defined by shared issues across borders rather than by locality alone.

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World Health Organization : Year 1996 ; Control of Tropical Diseas...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

Several reviews and proceedings of meetings have provided information on the malaria situation and the antimalarial activities in countries of the two regions. Special problems of general interest are compiled here. The first SEAMO-TROPMED' Workshop was held in Singapore dufing 17-18 August 1972 to discuss the problems of vector in Southeast Asian countries and develop the most effective methods of controlling vectorborne diseases in the region. Several countries of the ...

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World Health Organization : Development of Health Services, Smallp...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

The attached tables list the countries considered by the 1977 Consultation on Worldwide Smallpox Eradication to have had smallpox in 1967 orlater. Except where indicated (*), this list agrees with Annex 1 of the final report of the Global Commission for the Certification of Smallpox Eradication. The inclusion of these countries, where no cases were officially reported in the years indicated , and the division into endemic and imported smallpox has been based on avariety ...

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World Health Organization : Year 1992 ; World Health Organization ...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

I. INTRODUCTION L'lnitiative mondiale pour la dcuritk du sang soutient I'Claboration de programmes du sang nationaux intkgrks qui : I soient durables et adaptks ?i la structure sanitaire du pays; soient capables d'assurer un approvisionnement sir et suffisant, accessible B tous, en sang et en protluits sanguins; = garantissent une utilisation du sang approprike et conforme l'kthique. L'lnitiative mondiale s'emploie h s'acqoitter de cette ache par les moyens suivants : tl...

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World Health Organization, Weekly Epidemiological Record, Year 198...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

The question often asked but generally left unanswered is whether or not cancer is really increasing. The debate has connnued on many fronts. Some have argued that if the volume of cancer mortality is indeed higher than in the past, it is largely the consequence of populanon aging, since cancer is known to be a disease which primarily affects older adults. Others have claimed that therapeutic advances have had a major impact in reducing deaths from certain sites. It is a...

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World Health Organization : Technical Report Series, No. 126 - in ...

By: P. Hedlund

Medical Reference Publication

1. INTRODUCTION Dam le premier rapport du ComitC, on lisait ce qui suit : (( . . . il parait possible de juguler et m&me de prCvenir, par l'emploi des antibiotiques et des sulfamides, le rhumatisme articulaire aigu. maladie dans l'apparition de laquelle on a de bonnes raisons de penser que l'infection a streptocoques hkmolytiques joue un 1-61? initial important. Si cette possibilite se confirmait, on serait en mesure de passer 2 l'aorion prbventive sur le plan mondial, c...

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World Health Organization : Year 2003 ; World Health Organization,...

By: Lee Jong Wook

Medical Reference Publication

Message du Directeur général Aujourd’hui, la situation sanitaire mondiale nous oblige à nous poser d’urgence des questions sur l’équité en matière de santé. Dans certaines régions, on peut s’attendre à vivre plus longtemps et plus confortablement tandis que dans d’autres, on désespère de pouvoir endiguer les maladies alors que les moyens d’y parvenir sont connus.

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Public Health Publication : World Health Organization ; (Php) Publ...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

1. CONDICIONES DE APLICACION DEL ANALISIS DE SISTEMAS La higiene del medio, considerada como actividad profesional o social, se halla en un period0 de evolucidn en la mayor parte del mundo; 10s criterios tradicionales son objeto de criticas y se buscan nuevas soluciones a ciertos cambios convergentes: - En 10s paises desarrollados hay gran preocupaci6n por 10s efectos ecoldgicos de 10s procesos de produccidn y consumo. - Los paises en desarrollo perciben 10s efectos perj...

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World Health Organization : Year 2004 ; World Health Organization,...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

Introductión Un microbicida vaginal eficaz y fácil de usar proporcionaría a las mujeres un método controlado por ellas mismas con el que se protegerían contra la infección por el virus de la inmunodeficiencia humana (VIH). Aunque se están elaborando y ensayando numerosos compuestos nuevos, aún habrán de pasar muchos años antes de que uno de ellos haya sido completamente evaluado y distribuido a los usuarios. El nonoxinol-9 (N-9) está disponible como anticonceptivo desd...

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World Health Organization : Development of Health Services, Smallp...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

1.2 Population by geographic subdivision (Table 1) 1.3 Population density by geographic subdivision (Table 1) 1.4 Population density by geographic subdivision (Figure 1) 2.0 SMALLPOX INCIDENCE AND VACCINATION DATA 2.1 Smallpox cases by month and geographic subdivision - Jan. 1968 - Feb. 1969 (Table 2 ) 2.2 Location of smallpox outbreaks.

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World Health Organization : World Health Forum, 1994 ; Volume 15 N...

By: Professor James S. Lawson

Medical Reference Publication

Much of the confusion surrounding international comparisons of infant and perinatal mortality rates could be removed if single definitions of live birth and fetal death were universally adopted. Suggestions as to how this might be achieved are made below.

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World Health Organization : Report on a European Syposium Convened...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

ABSTRACT TROPICAL HEALTH The high frequency of disease and disability remains an imporcant feature of life in many tropical developing countries. Many factors are responsible for the occurrence of these problems, but in particular disease is associated with poverty and low level of education. The successful control of these diseases requires multiple approaches, both medical and nonaedical interventions are required. The vigorous application of existing knowledge could d...

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